Landing in Kona and traveling north, there is endless lava and white coral graffiti, with Pennisetum setaceum as one of the few plants able to survive these dry conditions. This African native grass is just one of many non-native plants found in Hawaii.
Broomsedge, Andropogon virginicus, is common near the steam vents in the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park.
Ruby or natal grass, Melinis nerviglumis, is another African grass that is common in dry sites in Hawaii. It was growing with lantana near this area of recent lava flow in the national park.